Screen Printing

Screen printing (traditionally called silkscreen printing; also sometimes as serigraphy and serigraph printing) is a printing technique where a mesh is used to transfer ink (or dye) onto a substrate, except in areas made impermeable to the ink by a blocking stencil. A blade or squeegee is moved across the screen to fill the open mesh apertures with ink, and a reverse stroke then causes the screen to touch the substrate momentarily along a line of contact. This causes the ink to wet the substrate and be pulled out of the mesh apertures as the screen springs back after the blade has passed. One colour is printed at a time, so several screens can be used to produce a multi-coloured image or design.

It was first used in commercial design, but began to be used by artists in the 1930s (when the term serigraphy was coined) and widely popularised in the 1060s by Andy Warhol.

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